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WHAT IS VISION THERAPY?

Mayo Clinic researchers, part of nine-site NEI/NIH study, release findings: Supervised Vision Therapy is Best Treatment for Convergence Insufficiency (CI) in Children.

National Eye Institute (NEI/NIH) reports: Best Treatment for CI: In-office Vision Therapy with Homework.

More Vision Therapy References, Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles, Scientific Studies

Vision Therapy FAQs
An Eye Doctor Answers Frequently Asked Questions
Dr. Leonard J. Press examines popular and professional opinions with references to medical literature.

Success Stories
100s of Vision Therapy Success Stories by parents, children, adult patients, and professionals.

Vision and Learning
See articles by PTA, School Nurse News, Web MD, professors, eye doctors, etc.

Vision, Learning and Dyslexia by the AOA and the AAO.

Other sites with advertising-free patient education on What is Vision Therapy?


Vision Therapy Links

The information on this advertising-free site is sponsored by Optometrists Network with special thanks to the following non-profits:
- American Academy
  of Optometry (AAO)

- American Optometric
  Association (AOA)

- College of Optometrists
  in Vision Development

- Optometric Extension
  Program (OEP)


Vision Therapy Is Effective Treatment

Vision therapy -- a type of physical therapy for the eyes and brain -- is a highly effective non-surgical treatment for many common visual problems such as lazy eye, crossed eyes, double vision, convergence insufficiency and some reading and learning disabilities. Many patients who have been told, "it's too late," or "you'll have to learn to live with it" have benefited from vision therapy.

In the case of learning disabilities, vision therapy is specifically directed toward resolving visual problems which interfere with reading, learning and educational instruction. Optometrists do not claim that vision therapy is a direct treatment for learning disabilities.

What is involved in a Vision Therapy program?

Vision therapy is --
  • a progressive program of vision "exercises" or procedures;
  • performed under doctor supervision;
  • individualized to fit the visual needs of each patient;
  • generally conducted in-office, in once or twice weekly sessions of 30 minutes to an hour;
  • occasionally supplemented with procedures done at home between office visits ("home reinforcement" or "homework");
  • depending on the case, the procedures are prescribed to:
    • help patients develop or improve fundamental visual skills and abilities;
    • improve visual comfort, ease, and efficiency;
    • change how a patient processes or interprets visual information.

Vision Therapy Is Not Just Eye Exercises

Unlike other forms of exercise, the goal of Vision Therapy is not to strengthen eye muscles. Your eye muscles are already incredibly strong. Vision Therapy is not to be confused with any self-directed self-help program of eye exercises which is or has been marketed to the public.

In-office Vision Therapy is supervised by optometric vision care professionals and many types of specialized and/or medical equipment can be used in Optometric Vision Therapy programs, such as:

  • corrective lenses (regulated medical devices);
  • therapeutic lenses (regulated medical devices);
  • prism lenses (regulated medical devices);
  • optical filters;
  • occluders or eye patches
  • electronic targets with timing mechanisms;
  • computer software;
  • balance boards (vestibular device)
  • visual-motor-sensory integration training devices
The first step in any Vision Therapy program is a comprehensive vision examination. Following a thorough evaluation, a qualified vision care professional can advise the candidate as to whether Vision Therapy would be appropriate treatment.

FIND A DOCTOR who provides comprehensive vision exams.



Vision Therapy FAQs   |   What is Vision Therapy?   |   Links   |   References
Vision Therapy and Learning Disabilities   |   Vision Therapy and Reading
Vision Therapy and ADD   |   Vision Therapy and Dyslexia
Crossed Eyes, Wandering Eyes, Lazy Eye|
Success Stories |

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